RELATED STORIES: Read more about Marchbanks Speedway and Hanford Motor Speedway in my Marchbanks section.
This is an evolving history of Marchbanks Speedway, a racetrack just south of Hanford, Calif., that went by several names and layouts over its two-decade life.
Marchbanks, aka Hanford Motor Speedway, remains little known today but was the first superspeedway west of the Mississippi, and hosted big-name NASCAR and Indy Car races in the 1950s-60s. These days, the track ceases to exist physically and its history lives online only in scattered references on racing forums and enthusiast sites.
My goal with this post is to try to build a history of Marchbanks and give it the legacy it deserves. In light of recent efforts to build a $400 million track in nearby Tulare County, I think it's important for people to know the area already has a rich history in hosting some of the greatest racers of all time. It's amazing to me that a track that brought national attention to the small town of Hanford, in the heart of Central California, has been left out of local history books and mentioned sparingly in racing publications.
Billl Vukovich II told me, "Why would anyone want to write a history about Hanford (Motor Speedway)?" Vukovich was not a fan of the track despite two Top 10 finishes in Champ Car races there in the late 1960s, and had nothing good to say about the speedway. "That place was in the middle of nowhere." Indeed it was, but for any number of reasons, a lot of people have good memories of the place.
My quest to look into the Marchbanks story began with a 2009 blog post and I’ve since dug deeper by visiting Hanford, interviewing people who were closely involved with the track, purchasing photos and videos, and poring over more than 50 web sites (complete list of sources and links are at the bottom of this post). Of particular value were personal recollections from hardcore fans on Track Forum who spent time at the track during its heyday. There's much more to uncover, and I’ll add other information, including more personal interviews, as I can. But this is a start.
I’d love for this track history to be collaborative. Please share any knowledge, tips, corrections or other information, either by commenting below or by contacting me directly. And while I constantly update this general history of the track, I regularly post interviews and more detailed updates in my Marchbanks section.
History of Marchbanks Speedway, aka Hanford Motor Speedway
Marchbanks Speedway was a lot of things in its two-decade life: dirt and asphalt half-mile oval, 1.4-mile paved tri-oval with two smaller infield ovals, road course, even a spot where dragboats found room to race on its infield.
The track, also known as Marchbanks Stadium and Hanford Motor Speedway, featured some of the biggest names in racing: Fireball Roberts, A.J. Foyt, Parnelli Jones, Gordon Johncock, Johnny Rutherford, Mario Andretti, Mel Kenyon, George Follmer and the Unsers to name just a few. Its races were televised nationally, bragging rights for a small Central California town in the middle of nowhere. It was, as described in "The Stock Car Racing Encyclopedia," "California's first high-banked paved superspeedway to be run under NASCAR sanction."
Sadly, there's no official history of the track once described as a "baby Daytona."
“It's a shame the place never really made it big," a person with the handle "Hubbster" posted on Track Forum. "That's a real racing area, the Central Valley. Stocks, sprinters, midgets, supers, karts, sports cars ... just about anything you can think of has a following. The fan base is certainly there.
"Hanford falls into that category of "What Might've Been" along with Ontario and Trenton. Who knows? It remains one of the most mysterious race tracks of all time. Little known. Little remembered.”
Farmer B.L. "Bircha" Marchbanks built the track in the middle of cotton and corn fields southeast of Hanford after failing to get approval for his first plans: a horse-racing track. His grandson Gary, a Hanford farmer and former co-owner of the speedway, said the track was built around 1949; the first published reports of races I've found is 1951.
And while there is some disagreement on racing forums about the track’s location, Gary Marchbanks and various government sources say the track was just northeast of Highway 43 (8th Avenue) and Idaho Avenue, about 5 miles southeast of Hanford (roughly Longitude -119.59599 and Latitude 36.26624). I could post a photo of what the place looks like now but all you need to do is imagine flat farmland.
It’s interesting to see changes on U.S. Geological Survey maps 40 years apart that show two different track layouts. The July 1, 1954, map shows a small oval with long straights and sharp turns, while USGS maps from July 1971 and 1993 (long after the track was razed) show a larger tri-oval with the smaller and tighter oval within. That matches with the two incarnations of the track: A dirt half-mile oval in the 1950s and a paved tri-oval in the 1960s and beyond.
Even in the early days of NASCAR, Bill France Sr., founder of National Association of Stock Car Automobile Racing, saw opportunity to broaden the series of his Southern-based series in California. He found a willing partner in B.L. Marchbanks, who built a half-mile dirt oval and hosted NASCAR’s premier Grand National Series in 1951. That year, NASCAR held five Grand National races in California, including the 200-lapper at the new Marchbanks Speedway.
NASCAR driver Rex White, writing in his autobiography “Gold Thunder: Autobiography of a NASCAR champion” recalled meeting B.L. at Daytona in 1960.
“While in Daytona, I met a character from California named Marchbanks. Everywhere he went, he wore a cowboy hat and boots. He’d come from California to get drivers to run his new track in Hanford.”
Marchbanks paid White and Joe Weatherly to make the trip west to Marchbanks, but according to William Burt's book "The American Stock Car," "the prize money for the event was not lucrative enough to get the Southern drivers to drag a car all the way to California, so the top drivers had informally decided not to race. They all agreed, except for Rex White. He went to California, finished eighth and collected close to 500 points. This helped Rex win the 1960 championship."
Trudy Frye of Bakersfield wrote me with recollections of Marchbanks as a young girl growing up in Hanford. "Mr. Marchbanks and Daddy were friends. ... They were both dreamers, and became friends." In a follow-up e-mail, Frye recalled Marchbanks as "a big man in a cowboy hat with a sweet smile. He bent over to shake my hand, like I was an adult, when we met, and always tipped his hat to me after that."
Marchbanks also promoted races at the Kearney Bowl in Fresno, Bakersfield Speedway and in Atascadero.
I found a published reference to Marchbanks Sports Club Inc. as early as 1958.
A Bakersfield Californian story in April 1963 said Marchbanks leased the track to Bakersfield race promoter Ed York for the 1963 season.
That didn't last and B.L.'s son Bonnie and grandson Gary took ownership of the track in 1964 and leased it to K&S Racing Enterprises, owned by Southern California businessman Kal Simon (at times referred to as Cal) from 1964-69. A 1964 Oakland Tribune story said K&S had signed a 20-year lease, adding "T.L. Francis, vice president and general manager of K&S Enterprises, said the stadium will be renamed the Hanford Speedway and will be renovated for big time auto racing."
Famed promoter J.C. Agajanian worked with Simon to bring high-profile USAC Champ Car races to the track in 1967-69. When USAC balked at scheduling more races at Hanford without $750,000 in improvements, Agajanian launched a failed effort in 1970 to issue public stock at $25 per share to take over the speedway and host Champ Car and stock car races.
The track's name evolved over the years. What started as Marchbanks Stadium was later referred to, either formally or informally, as Marchbanks Speedway, Hanford Raceway (which also has been used to describe Kings Speedway, a dirt oval at the nearby Kings County Fairgrounds), Hanford Speedway and Hanford Motor Speedway, name changes that seemed to be triggered by renovations or changes in management. Although I found published references to Hanford Motor Speedway as early as 1960 and Marchbanks Stadium as late as 1963, the general timeframe has the track named Marchbanks Stadium up to 1960, Marchbanks Speedway from 1960-64, Hanford Speedway in 1964-65 and Hanford Motor Speedway thereafter.
The various sizes and shapes
Information on the track specs varies wildly from source to source, with loose time frames, layouts and distances. There are numerous references to dirt and paved infield ovals, two different road courses and a dragboat lake, and a fearsome Turn 1 throughout all incarnations.
What doesn't seem to be in doubt is that Marchbanks started as a half-mile dirt oval, and stayed that way for a few years. The photo to the right shows asphalt in 1953, and a news story from that year refers to the "new asphalt track."
Studebakerracing.com reports that a NASCAR Short Track Series race at Marchbanks in June 1955 was on a 5/8-mile oval that had paved straights and dirt turns, but I have not confirmed that and Gary Marchbanks did not recall that kind of mixed surface. The 100-lap NASCAR race covered 62 miles, indicating the track may have grown from a half-mile to 5/8ths since that first NASCAR race in 1951. I haven't found a second source for this information either.
George Benson, who raced at Marchbanks/Hanford during its three major incarnations, said that when he drove his first midget race in 1955, "the track at that time was a 3/8-mile oiled dirt pavement surface that got very slick when it got sandy from the native soils that surrounded the track. When it got oily it was even worse. It was relatively flat in both turns."
Benson also recalls winning a 1959 hardtop race on the half-mile oval that now shared a turn with the tri-oval under construction.
"The first turn was a high-bank turn for the 1-1/2-mile track, still under construction, that blended into the backstretch and flat second turn of the old half-mile flat tack," Benson wrote in his book "The Racing Years."
Frye recalls driving "around the nearly completed triangle track in our 1955 Buick Roadmaster" with her parents in about 1958. Onedirt.com and "The Stock Car Racing Encyclopedia" reported that Marchbanks re-opened as a 1.4-mile paved track in June 1960, which is close to the 1-3/8-mile distance the Marchbanks listed on a brochure for the 1961 NASCAR race.
MotoRacing in September 1960 described a 1.8-mile, 10-turn road course and "Monza-type banking where a minimum speed of 85 mph is required to keep the racing machine up on the banked wall." The cost of the new course was listed at $700,000.
A Bakersfield Californian article a few days before the June 1960 NASCAR Grand National race said: "The banked track has one turn labeled dangerous by the drivers. That is the southwest turn, which is in front of the grandstand. One car went through the wall during the practice runs."
The tri-oval was lengthened slightly at some point in the early 1960s with the addition of a kink that took it closer to a real 1.4 miles, as shown in these two layouts from TheRacingLine.net. Racing Line pegs the first layout at 1.33 miles and the second, with the addition of slight kink along the homestretch, at 1.4 miles. At least one reader on Track Forum questions the drawings, saying the layouts don't match with reality
And there appeared to some "rounding up" on that track distance. The Dick Wallen video of the 1964 USAC stock car race has the announcer describing the track as a “mile-and-a-half high bank with a 30-degree bank in Turn 1,” and official USAC scoring sheets from 1967-69 list the track as 1.5 miles. (SIDE NOTE: To further the mystery, the announcer in the Dick Wallen video also referred to A.J. Foyt “tapping the wall in Turn Four." In those days races were rarely televised live, if at all, so I suspect the announcer was uninformed and may not have actually been at the track).
Gerald Laurie, a regular at the track, posted on Track Forum that he saw sprint cars run the 5/8-mile oval, early modified couples on the 1.3-mile tri-oval, USAC stock cars on both the 1.3-mile and 1.4-mile tracks and Indy Cars on the 1.4-mile track. Laurie shared on Track Forum great detail on the track and its nuances:
“The original track had a 1.3 mile triangle, a 5/8 egg shaped oval, and a 1/4 mile egg shaped oval, They all shared turn one which was banked over 30 degrees at the top (the banking increased in steepness as you got higher in the corner). In fact it was banked so high near the wall that top thirty or so feet of paving was actually oiled dirt because they couldn't get a paving machine up there. The front straight had about a five degree turn to the left where it came back to join the two short ovals. Turn one of the triangle was about 155 degrees of arc, turn two was banked about 8 degrees and was just under 90 degrees of arc, and turn three was was about 12 degrees banking and about 110 degrees of arc (remember there was another 5 degree kink in the front staight to complete the course. ..."
To settle bets, the best source might be a detailed map inside an official program from September 1960 road races at the track that shows these dimensions:
- A 222-foot radius southern turn (Turn 1 on the oval track) banked at 22 degrees
- A 476-foot radius northeastern Turn 2 banked at 22 degrees
- A northwestern turn (Turn 3 on the oval) at 18 degrees in the tight 282-foot radius on the eastern side and 17 degrees on the western 470-foot radius.
The 1964 Dick Wallen video shows what appears to be a slight rise in elevation at that kink on the homestretch in front of the stands. Permanent seating appeared to be confined to one big berm on the homestretch toward Turn 1. The track surface was inconsistent, and oil seemed to be heavier in spots, perhaps a contributor to the many spins in that race. The infield was a mess, with deep tire ruts in once-muddy areas interspersed with tumbleweeds and other wild growth. There was very little apron, and on several occasions, racers spinning off track hit the ruts, stressing suspensions like nobody's business. These ungroomed parts of the infield probably were part of the dry infield lake.
"Linker48x," posting on Track Forum, recalled:
"I went to stock car, Indy car, and sports car and motorcycle road races at Marchbanks. ... As a tri-oval, the problem was turn 1, because while the banking was huge and high, the actual line was down on the apron and slow, so for instance, with Indy cars they dropped a lot of speed and then labored to get back up to speed on the backstretch. But they sure hauled a** down the front getting to turn 1! ... Also remember that there wasn't really macadam pavement, more like tar, that got soft and sticky on a hot day."
"aXe," also writing on Track Forum, recalls the sound of 10,000 fans on "steel temporary grandstands." When "everyone jumped up at once the stands felt like they were coming down."
The track underwent a $2 million renovation in advance of a 1967 Champ Car race. According to an Oct. 18 story in the San Francisco Chronicle, the refurbished track was a massive 90 feet wide, with 11- to 12-degrees of banking. The Chronicle reported seats for 20,000, some of them temporary, were in place for the debut Champ Car race.
"The drivers rate the Hanford track second to Indy's," reported Everett Feay of The Fresno Bee. "But, they feel, the fans get a better deal in Hanford as the cars tend to stay bunched while the cars string out at Indy."
Legendary open-wheel driver Mel Kenyon raced at Hanford for the three Champ Car races in 1967 and 1968, driving for Fred Gerhardt.
"I thought Hanford was a pretty nice racetrack," Kenyon told me in a telephone interview from his home in Lebanon, Ind. "It was smooth and you could see all the way around it. No trees -- not like Indy, where you can only see a straightaway at a time -- you could see all the way across it."
Kenyon recalls the tri-oval being a challenge to drive, like the similarly shaped Pocono.
"Set-up was a challenge because of the three corners and the different degrees of banking, Kenyon said. "One was always good, one was medium and one was 'hang on!' "
Former Fresno resident Harold "Bucky" Bolton told me in an email that he attended one race, the deadly 1969 Champ Car race won by Mario Andretti. "A friend of mine who had two pit passes for Lloyd Ruby's car gave me one. The thing I remember most was its huge high banks; it looked to me like a giant Bristol raceway with lake in the middle of it. It was an impressive track. It seems like the cars were running full out on its mile or so course. Mario was doing 158.357 miles per hour in practice."
Andretti told me in an interview that Hanford was a test of skills.
I liked the layout," Andretti said. "I liked that it had different radius corners. It required a compromise in the setup. I liked that extra challenge."
Bobby Unser, on the other hand, wasn't a fan of the track's surface, even though he finished second, fifth, second and seventh in his four races at Hanford.
"We had good races there but I distinctly remember sand when we raced there," Unser told me in a telephone interview. "It was a "big slide for life" type of deal, that's what Hanford was."
The road courses
Not a whole lot is written about the infield road course, but there were at least two incarnations. The 1953 aerial photo of Marchbanks Stadium shows the half-mile oval modified to include a windy stretch in the infield between turns 2 and 3 that made a "road" course of five-eighths mile.
The rebuilding of the track into a tri-oval in the late 1950s included a much larger road course. "The History of the American Speedway" says a 2.5-mile paved road course existed from the "late 1950s" to approximately 1962, but that book erred on other elements of the track history so I use that reference with caution.
Reader Bob Dayton shared a story about driving the road course in 1959.
MotoRacing reported races at a 1.8-mile, 10-turn layout beginning in September 1960s, and at that time said Marchbanks began work on the road-course layout "seven years ago," indicating work on the road course began in 1953-54. MotoRacing said in 1960 the road course construction cost $700,000.
"The Stock Car Racing Encyclopedia" says the road course "was closed circa 1965." The photo immediately above is from a road course race in 1960 and the aerial above shows a road course existed after renovations in 1967, and they look to share the same general layout. But I have been unable to find any reference to road races after the track was renovated in 1967.
A MotoRacing report on a Sept. 18, 1960, California Sports Car Club race at Marchbanks described a "new Daytona-type circuit, with its 18- and 22-degree banking and tight infield turns, should turn into one of California's most popular courses. Minor paving problems -- the track broke up in several places -- was the major, and practically the only criticism of this lay-out."
MotoRacing described three banked turns, including a "17-degree," 470-foot radius turn that dropped into the infield then reappearing "on the 22-degree banking across from the start-finish." Winning average speeds ranged from 59 to 65 mph, depending on the class, which included formula cars and motorcycles.
"Linker48x," posting on Track Forum, recalled: "This was a BIG track for road racers, they came off the banked back corner for a sort of fast chicane, then to the last banked corner, then came down the front straight and turned left into the halfmile (5/8?) corner, went around to the quarter mile corner and turned right and rejoined the front straight. I think I also recollect them running it backwards (clockwise) at a Cal Club race with AFM bikes in about, say, 62-63."
Hemmings.com has a nice photo of a Ferrari 250 Testarossa -- one of only 34 made -- in a 1960 Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) race.
Frank Sheffield worked as a flagman at a July 4th SCCA weekend (he thinks in 1961) and recalled the track surface causing mayhem for motorcyclists.
"The surface was a little rough, I think, especially in the braking area near us. ... The rough parts were rough on the lighter vehicles, especially the two-wheeled ones. Several of the bike guys left patches of hot leather on the pavement near us. No broken bones. None they would admit to, I mean."
It's hard to tell from the Dick Wallen video whether the road course was in active use at the time of the USAC Stock Car race in 1964, although there's evidence of the smaller ovals.
The NASCAR connection
The race on Oct. 28, 1951, the 37th of 41 races for the NASCAR Grand National series that year, drew 24 cars to Marchbanks. Dick Rathmann earned the pole, but Danny Weinberg’s 1951 Studebaker took the win and a $1,000 first prize. Nine entrants earned only $25 each from a total purse of $3,125.
NASCAR was a regular sanctioning body for a variety of classes at the track nearly every year from 1954-1962. NASCAR events during that period included five races for the Pacific Coast Late Model series (now known as the K&N Pro Series West), as well as late models, jalopies, hard tops, claiming races, and Sportsman and Modifieds.
NASCAR's Grand National series did not return to Marchbanks until June 12, 1960 when the "California 250" drew 33 cars and 7,000 fans in the only California NASCAR race that year. Marchbanks regular Frank Secrist of Bakersfield took the pole with a speed of 93 mph but Marvin Porter averaged 88 mph in winning by 46 seconds in a 1959 Ford, earning $2,000 from a total purse that ranged from $8,075 to $11,625 depending on the source. 1951 winner Danny Weinberg competed again but finished 28th, good for only $100.
On March 12, 1961, the legendary Fireball Roberts dominated the track’s final Grand National race in a 1961 Pontiac, leading all 178 laps and winning by more than two laps in averaging 95 mph on his way to a $2,000 prize. Bob Ross averaged 98 mph in grabbing the pole. Ron Hornaday Sr. was among four drivers earning $0 from a total purse estimated at $9,000 to $11,475. Total attendance was not available. The Hanford race was one of four NASCAR races in California that year (Riverside, Los Angeles and Sacramento joined the schedule).
Weinberg and Lloyd Dane were the only drivers to compete in all three Grand National races at Marchbanks.
A December 1960 story in the Spartanburg Herald-Journal noted that Marchbanks Speedway was among 12 “major-league events” whose winners qualified for a NASCAR “Race of Champions” in February 1961.
“Max Revs,” posting on Track Forum, recalls seeing “a couple of Hanford IndyCar races - on the old ABC Wide World of Sports” (a 10-minute "Car and Track" video summarizes the November 1968 race). Indeed, four Champ Car races were held from 1967-69 at what was now called Hanford Motor Speedway. All four were promoted by the legendary J.C. Agajanian, then a force in West Coast racing.
In addition, tire tests were held at the track in advance of the inaugural 1967 race, with A.J. Foyt, Art Pollard and rookie Bill Vukovich II of Fresno consistently lapping at more than 150 mph, prompting the track to proclaim its race would be the fastest race ever held west of Indianapolis. Pollard was driving a turbo Offy, Vukovich the new super-charged Offy and Foyt a Ford V-8.
"On most tracks those turbo-powered jobs can pull on the straight but our Fords are better at the intermediate speeds and in cornering," Foyt said before the race. "Here at Hanford, the turns are about as fast as the straights and the Fords will be able to hand with the Offies all the way. So look out."
The inaugural California 200 at Hanford was on Oct. 22, 1967. The program from the race proclaimed a “$20,000 Guaranteed Purse!” In fact, the total purse was twice that: $45,968 because Agajanian pledged 40 percent of the gate on top of a base purse of $18,350. Leaders of each lap were paid an extra $10, or $20 if the lap was sponsored.
But numbers were tossed around like confetti in a variety of sources. For example, a Capital Times (Madison, Wis.) story on the 1967 race said "the total purse was $60,000 out of the $121,000 gate paid by the 20,000 fans."
And check out the entry list: Notables in the field included Mario Andretti, Bobby Unser, A.J. Foyt, Joe Leonard, Lloyd Ruby, Gordon Johncock, Kenyon, Gary Bettenhausen, Jim McElreath, Mike Mosley, Wally Dallenbach, Roger McCluskey, George Snider, Johnny Rutherford, and Al Unser.
Johncock took the win and $11,496 driving a Gerhardt Ford, covering the 200 miles in 94 minutes on a cool and overcast day. Rookie Bill Vukovich II of Fresno started 17th in his Shrike-Offy but finished last in the 26-car field, turning only 5 laps before retiring with a fuel leak. He earned only $229 in prize money.
In addition to the Vukovich connection, Fresno car owners entered four Offies: Fred Gerhardt (with Mel Kenyon), Gerhardt & Casey (for Pollard) and Cave's Buick (for Al Miller); a car entered by Earl Smith was entered but made no qualifying attempt. Cars owned by Gerhardt, Cave's and Smith were to be regulars at all four Hanford Champ Car races.
Two Champ Car races were held at Hanford in 1968. The California 200 opened the 1968 USAC National Championship on March 17 and paid $32,518. Bobby Unser earned the pole with a 155.7 mph qualifying speed (or a 34.68-second lap) and led the most laps, but Gordon Johncock took the win and $8,130 in a Gerhardt-Offy on a cool and windy day. Attendance was not announced. Vukovich again finished last, earning $163. He qualified eighth in a 1967 Mongoose-Offy but got in only six laps before retiring with a throttle problem.
In the November race, the first 250-mile Champ Car race at Hanford, Joe Leonard shattered the qualifying record with a 163 pmh speed in his eerily quiet turbine-powered four-wheel-drive Lotus. The turbine was making its West Coast debut. And for the first time at Hanford, drivers were racing a distance that required a fuel stop.
A.J. Foyt won the race in a Coyote-Ford and earned $11,024. ABC Sports televised the race, paying $3,750 for the broadcast rights.
Reader Mike Franovich attended the race, and emailed me his memories:
"The November race at Hanford in 1968 was a great race for several reasons. You had the turbo Offys, turbo Fords, the classic Ford DOHC and the turbines. You also had the usual variety of chassis found during this time period, including the four-wheel-drive Lola that Al Unser drove. This was the most competitive race I have ever watched. Foyt, B. Unser, and Andretti fought neck and neck throughout the entire second half of the race. Each driver led during this stretch, and they were never separated by more than a few car lengths. Foyt won the race, which gave the Turbo Ford its first victory."
Reader Dan Ruth pointed out to me that Greg Weld was in the field, driving a Lesovsky-Offy dirt car. Compare his qualifying speed of 131.386 mph with Leonard's pole time of 163.200 mph in one of the turbine cars. Ouch!
"The two turbines were much faster than everyone else but even with two rotors per wheel the brakes would glow all race long. Leonard's brakes would eventually fail, giving the win to Foyt," Ruth wrote me.
Attendance for the November 1968 race was announced at 15,470 and the total purse was $42,088. Tickets were $8 general admission, $10 for reserved grandstand and $12 for finish line seats.
Vukovich fared much better in the second 1968 race, starting ninth and finished sixth in a 1968 Mongoose-Offy and earning $1,617.
The 1969 Champ Car race at Hanford on April 13 drew 12,085 fans and paid a total purse of $37,190. The average qualifying speed was 148.476 mph. Mario Andretti took the win under a red flag, ahead of Lloyd Ruby and Gordon Johncock. Andretti's prize money was either $6,900 or $8,686, depending on the source. Vukovich went back to the '67 Mongoose-Offy for this 1969 race, starting 13th, finishing eighth and taking home $1,300.
Deaths at the track
There are reports of at least three deaths at the track, in 1956, 1957 and 1969.
According to Motorsport Memorial, mechanic Arlen Smith, 22, was killed during a "500-lap Little Indianapolis hardtop jalopy race" at Marchbanks on May 29, 1956. Smith died after a wheel flew off one of the race cars and hit him in the back. (Oddly, the story also notes a second tire came off a different car in the same race, breaking the leg of a spectator near a concession stand).
FindAGrave.com details the death of Ernie Cornelson during a race on May 29. 1957, reporting the 29-year-old was "killed instantly when his hardtop car crashed during the 330-lap "Little Indy" at Marchbanks Stadium." The former Bakersfield resident rolled several times "after his car went out of control, slammed into a retaining wall and burst into flames. It was during the 148th lap of the race. The race was held up for an hour and 20 minutes."
The 1969 USAC Champ Car race was marred by the death of James Darwin “Red” Stainton, a 38-year-old Fresno mechanic working for Art Pollard. According to The Associated Press, Stainton was critically injured on lap 70 of 134.
AP's report read:
"Art Pollard of Medord, (sic) Ore., came into the pit to refuel and his car burst into flames. One attendant, Grant King of Fresno, was burned, and Stainton, finding his coveralls on fire, leaped back into the path of Andretti's car. Both men were rushed off in the two ambulances at the track. Since the race would not proceed without one ambulance in attendance, the competition was delayed until one arrived. No times were kept as a result of the break. ... After the accident, Pollard got back into the race, but slammed into the wall in turn one and didn't finish. He wasn't hurt."
Stainton died two days later with serious head injuries, and second- and third-degree burns to his head and arms.
MotorSportMemorial.org published a detailed report of Stainton's death a few years ago:
"The accident used both available ambulances. A second Pollard mechanic was taken to the hospital with first and second degree burns, but he was released after treatment. With no ambulances available, the remainder of the race was driven to the finish under the yellow flag and Andretti was declared the winner.
"Red Stainton had a long career in racing as a mechanic, fabricator and driver. Originally working on Bill Vukovich's midget crew, Stainton eventually turned to driving. His best year as a racer was 1962, when he finished eighth in State of California points. He built and owned Bill Vukovich Jr.'s first Super Modified car. Later, Stainton worked for Fred Gerhardt on his Indianapolis team.”
"This certainly colors the rest of the day," AP quoted Andretti saying as Stainton was taken away in an ambulance.
I interviewed Andretti for this track history, and when I asked him if he remembered the pitlane incident, he didn't hesitate.
"How could I forget? I killed a guy. I could never forget that. There was a fire in the pit next to mine, and just as I drove into the pits one of the crew members dived right in front of me. I didn't see him."
People at the track that day agree Andretti was not at fault.
"There was nothing I could have done," Andretti said. "It was such a surprise."
Sanctioning bodies such as the Valley Stock Car Racing association and the Valley Jalopy Racing association holding a nearly weekly schedule of jalopies, hardtops and roadsters as early as 1952 and into the mid-1950s. The track also hosted offbeat races, such as demolition derbies within the rodeo grounds. Figure 8s and "powder puff" derbies featuring women-only drivers. An outfit called ACRE hosted at least one stock car race in 1958.
At least one California Racing Association-sanctioned "big car" "Indianapolis-type" race was held in Fall 1958. CRA sprinters raced at the track, at least in 1963, according to WagTimes.com; 1965, according to Wheels of Speed; and February 1969 in a 100-mile Open Competition Supermodified and Caged Sprint Car Sweepstakes that meshed the two classes of high-speed cars. In that 100-mile February 1969 race, Johnny Parsons Jr. drove an ex-Indy roadster to the pole at 141.5 mph.
A URA-sanctioned midget race occurred on the half-mile asphalt oval in May 1959.
The United States Auto Club (USAC) staged two Stock Car series races in 1964 and 1965 at what it called "Hanford Motor Speedway" (despite large signage circling the track reading "Hanford Speedway").
The 200-mile season-ending race on Nov. 29, 1964, was called the Billy Vukovich Memorial and drew 6,500 fans and was televised on ABC's "Wide World of Sports." A.J. Foyt took victory, averaging 108 mph in a race full of spins.
Joining Foyt in the 25-car field were legendary racers Ron Hornaday Sr., Parnelli Jones, Joe Leonard, Bobby Unser, Lloyd Ruby, Marvin Porter and Jud Larson (According to Ultimate Racing History, "Marvin Porter replaced Bobby Marshman, who was critically injured in a tire test in his Indy car at Phoenix the day before the race. Marshman died on December 4th in San Antonio, Texas.")
The second USAC stock car race was on Nov. 28, 1965, and drew 9,224 fans and paid a $12,500 total purse. Pole speed was 44.11 seconds, and Norm Nelson took the win in a 1965 Plymouth, earning the USAC national championship in the process. Many of the big names from 1964 were not present at this year, but the race drew 31 starters, including Mario Andretti making his Hanford debut by finishing third in a year-old Ford. Other notables included Gary Bettenhausen, Hershel McGriff, Jim Hurtubise and George Snider. Local legend Al Pombo failed to qualify due to engine problems.
Mike Mueller’s book “Classic Corvette: The First 30 Years” has a nice photo of Dave McDonald muscling his Corvette at the track in September 1960.
Sheffield, the flagman, recalls a funny experience at the track in which a race started while SCCA race official Merle Stanfield was stopped in Turn 1 when other track officials green-flagged a formula-car race. With no red flag handy down on the track, Sheffield was forced to use his red jacket to stop the race before the cars barreled into Stanfield.
The American Motorcycle Association held at least one race in conjunction with an SCCA weekend, including a 1960 race that featured national champion Joe Leonard, who later drove Indy Cars at the track. American Motorcyclist in February 1965 references two American Motorcycle Assocation races in 1961 as well as a Spring 1965 national road race at Hanford. American Motorcyclist reporter Roxy Rockwood -- who also served as an announcer at the track -- referred to the track as Marchbanks Speedway, which “can best be described as a ‘Baby Daytona.’ ”
“The track is fast, but very safe. New promoters have taken it over from the original builder and owner and have many big plans for the future for both cars and bikes.”
A Formula Racing Association meet was held around the same time, in 1965.
The track layout unveiled in 1960 included an infield lake large enough to host quarter-mile flat-bottom dragboat races and water skiing. Gary Marchbanks said a world record speed of 114 mph was set at the lake; the boat was unable to stop and "went into the bank." The Marchbanks relied on overflow irrigation water, pumped water and whatever rainfall to keep the lake full, but as any farmer can tell you, as time went on the cost of pumping water became expensive.
MotoRacing reported in 1960, "Although presently dried up, there is a lake one-half-mile long and with 2 islands in the infield of the new course, and for nearly 2 years Marchbanks also staged boat drag races."
Dave Lipinski, posting on Dragboatracing.com, recalls attending the first boat race at Marchbanks at about 7 years of age.
Howard Jaquith also shares a story on Dragboatracing about a Fuel Flat dragboat running on “the infield lake at Marchbanks Speedway” that couldn’t shut down in time and ran into “the tullies (sic).” Jaquith also recalls seeing one of the NASCAR races, as well as one USAC and “a bunch of crazy 8 races.”
Odds & Ends
MotoRacing also said, "For 5 years his plant was the scene of bloodless bullfights in which 'toreros' used plastic swords. This went by the boards when a law was passed banning the action." Gary Marchbanks offers a bit more detail, saying his grandfather originally was interested in horse racing but couldn't get a track approved so shifted his focus to auto racing. At various times over the years, the track featured a roping arena and hosted "Portuguese bullfights," bloodless versions of better-known Spanish bullfights.
The track also played host to boxing matches in 1963, with a variety of regional cards.
Tommy Trader told me he recalled participating in a sports car race -- the only time he drove on the road course -- during which the Blue Angels did a fly-by.
"Linker48x," writing on Track Forum, recalls "Memory of the Indy car race I saw there was a 13 inch wheeled rear engined Buick (?) built by Mickey Thompson. Did not go well, the turbo Offies ruled the day as I recollect, smoked the Fords."
The original King School house built in 1908 was later purchased by Bonnie Marchbanks and moved to Marchbanks Stadium, where the Hanford Sentinel reported "it was used as a meeting place for the drivers and officials. The stadium and the buildings were demolished in 1984, and the property reverted to farmland."
Wikipedia mentions “Hanford is being used in an upcoming Classic Champ Car game.” No other detail was provided, although I suspect it’s tied to the first post on the Hanford thread on Track Forum.
A series of legal dispute between the Marchbankses and Kal Simon's K&S Racing Enterprises surfaced in the late 1960s. First, the Marchbankses demanded their original lease agreement be amended after the 1967 race, when they learned their share of ticket revenue only applied to tickets sold on site. Interestingly, or oddly depending on your point of view, presale tickets were unavailable at the track, thus skewing sales that counted toward the revenue share.
Relations deteriorated and by the time the 1969 race was held, K&S Enterprises was behind on rent to the Marchbankses and was being sued by a Fresno paving company for non-payment. Amid all this, K&S was attempting to consign its interest in the track to the owners of Michigan International Speedway. Those talks failed, and the track hosted its last race in 1969.
"It wasn't a good place to race on," Unser told me. "Lots of sand wouldblow on the track. It wasn't a completed race track. It needed an infusion of "finish it up."
Several efforts were made to fund the improvements save the track, including a $750,000 stock proposal in which Agajanian pledged to hold at least four "major" races per year": A 300-mile USAC Champ Car racer in the fall, a 250-mile USAC Champ Car race in the Spring, a 500-mile "late-model stock car race" and an AMA Motorcycle National Championship Race (indicating the road course was in semi-usable shape at that point). ABC Sports pledged to broadcast Champ Car events at the track.
Various published reports said 40 percent of stock was sold at one point, but the sale failed to generate enough investors, leading to local efforts to save the track. Fresno racecar builder Fred Gerhardt was among the interested parties, and Agajanian was so optimistic a deal would go through he lined up a Firestone tire test in 1970 and USAC tentatively scheduled a 150-mile March race and 200-mile October date on the 1971 Champ Car schedule. But all those efforts failed.
Yet hope simmered for a few years. A 1976 Bakersfield Californian article cited a Porterville Speedway official who had heard a group of businessmen "plan to get the old Marchbanks (Speedway) off the ground in early all with big car races after extensive renovations and the adding of 20,000 seats."
That rumor had no legs, and the track sat silent until its demolition in 1984, shortly after the track was sold to Gary's brother-in-law Rolland Gonzalves.
"It was tragic we couldn't keep that thing going," Trader said of the track. "Tragic."
Gary's voice cracks a bit as he thinks about the speedway, which was just a half mile north of his current home and walnut farm. "We used to go in and drive around it and mess around. What I miss is it's just not there. It might not have been running but it would have been there. ... I don't have any regrets. I'd have just liked it to be there."
“Hubbster,” posting on Track Forum, recalled seeing the track from the air "right up until it was plowed over. It was a distinct track. All I can compare it to is Pocono. It looked like a little Pocono to me.”
The West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame announced in early 2012 that it would induct B.L. Marchbanks as part of its "historic division" governing people from 1930-1970. A fitting tribute, even if it's overdue recognition.
- American Motorcyclist magazine, "Western Views, Feb. 1965
- "The American Stock Car," By William Burt.
- Andretti, Mario. Personal interview, May 2011.
- AutoRacingMemories.com, "Profile ... Johnny Rostek"
- The Bakersfield Californian, various articles and ads from 1951-1976.
- Benson, George. Email exchanges in April 2011
- Bolton, Harold "Bucky." Email exchanges, July 2010.
- Capital Times, Madison, Wis., 1967.
- "Classic Corvette: The First 30 Years" by Mike Mueller
- The (Hayward) Daily Review, 1969
- Dayton, Bob. Email exchanges, March 2011
- Dick Wallen Racing Classics, "Stock Car Classics Vol. 1"
- Dragboatracing.com, "Drag boat racing in California" (page since taken offline).
- Durham, Ken. Email exchanges in May-June 2011 and contributed photos courtesy of GearHeadPhotography.com.
- Everythingstockcar.com, "1951-37 Nascar Race" at Marchbanks Speedway, "1960 California 250 - NASCAR race"
- FindAGrave.com, Ernest George "Ernie" Cornelson
- Franovich, Mike. Email exchanges, October 2010
- Frye, Trudy. Email exchanges, May 2010
- "Gold Thunder: Autiobiography of a NASCAR Champion" by Rex White and Anne B. Jones
- Hanford Motor Speedway race programs for Champcar races, 1967, March 1968, November 1968, 1969
- Hanford Sentinel, "Racing Notebook: Former Speedway owner Marchbanks honored," July 13, 2012
- "Hoot's Histories: King," Hanford Sentinel, April 16, 2005
- Hemmings.com, "Written in Red"
- "The History of the American Speedway" by Allan E. Brown
- Kenyon, Mel. Telephone interview, March 2011
- Lawton (Okla.) Constitution, Nov. 29, 1965.
- Marchbanks, Gary. Personal interview in December 2010.
- "Mel Kenyon: King of the Midgets"
- Microsoft Research Maps: U.S. Geological survey maps of the track area in July 1954, 1971 and 1993
- The Modesto Bee, "Pit Stop" by Art Glattke, Oct. 1, 1970
- MotoRacing, Vol. 5, Issue 24 (Sept. 30-Oct. 7, 1960) and Vol. 6, Issue 18 (July 7-14, 1961)
- Motorsportforums.com, "OT-40 years ago 1968 Greatest Season of them all"
- MotorsportMemorial.org, "Arlen Smith" and "Red Stainton"
- NASCAR K&N Pro Series West 2010 Media Guide
- Oakland Tribune, various articles from 1960-70
- OneDirt.com, "Dirt tracks across America - Nedyour help"
- Racing-reference.info, "1960 California 250," "Marchbanks Speedway," "1961-08," "NASCAR Sprint Cup Drivers Statistics for Marchbanks Speedway," 1967 "Hanford 200," 1968 "California 200," 1968 "Hanford 250," 1969 "California 200"
- ""The Racing Years: A Memoir of the Life and Times of a Racer, 1952 to 1987," George Benson
- Reading Eagle, "Pit Mishap Mars Victory for Andretti," April 14, 1969
- Rumbledrome.com, "Winners for Races of Championship Cars, 1960-69"
- Ruth, Dan. Email exchange, March 2011
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Indy Cars in California," Oct. 18, 1967
- San Mateo Times, Sept. 16, 1965.
- Sheffield, Frank, recollections from personal website (lots of great historic photos from other tracks and eras)
- Spartanburg Herald-Journal, "Three Spartans Invited for 'Race of Champions'," Dec. 18, 1960
- "The Stock Car Racing Encyclopedia," edited by Peter Golenbock and Greg Fielden
- Studebakerracing.com, "NASCAR Short Track Series"
- Terre Haute Tribune Star, Nov. 15, 1970.
- The News, Van Nuys, Calif., "Veteran Trio to Compete in Hanford Race," Nov. 1, 1968
- The Racing Line
- Track Forum: 1) thread titled "Hanford Speedway"; Many excellent posts from fans with deep knowledge of the track during its different phases; 2) thread titled "Record Sprint Car Races".
- Trader, Tommy. Personal interview in January 2011.
- Tulare Motor Sports Complex
- UltimateRacingHistory.com, "California 200," "Billy Vukovich Memorial," "USAC Stock Car Race, Hanford Motor Speedway, Hanford CA, Nov. 28, 1965"
- Unser, Bobby. Personal interview, April 2011.
- ValleySportsPulse.com, "Reliving Hanford's Racing History"
- VintageMotorsportPhotography.com (now offline)
- Vukovich, Bill II; phone interview in March 2011
- Wagtimes.com, "In Memory of Our Loved Ones"
- West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame, "West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame Announces 2012 Inductees and New Board Members"
- WheelsofSpeed.com, "This Day in Motorsports for May 29th"
- Wikipedia, "Marchbanks Speedway"
- YouTube, "1968 California 250" (video since taken offline)
I added a bunch of updates to this main history. Changes are detailed in this story in my Marchbanks section.
I added more updates throughout the Marchbanks section and the main track history. Those changes are detailed in this post in my Marchbanks section.